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China's Iron and Steel Production in past Years (1950-2015)

2008 world steel output ranking - China super engineering list - China super engineering list new steel vanadium steel plant

On January 22, 2009, the International Iron and Steel Institute (IISI), headquartered in Brussels, released statistics showing that the total crude steel production of 67 major steel producing countries and regions in 2008 was 1,3297 million tons, down 1.2% from the same period last year, and the output exceeded 1.3 billion tons for the second consecutive year. Crude steel production in the European Union, North and South America and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and other major steel producing countries and regions declined, but steel production in the Middle East and Asia, especially China, increased to 502 million tons, up 2.6 percent year on year and more than double the 222 million tons in 2002. China's steel production accounts for 38 percent of the world's crude steel output.

In 2008, Asia produced 770 million tons of crude steel, up 1.9 percent from the previous year, and 58 percent of the world's total. Production in South Korea and India rose 3.8 and 3.7 per cent, respectively, from a year earlier. Japan's 118 million tons, down 1.2% from a year earlier. Steel production in the 27-nation European Union was 199m tonnes, down 5.3% from a year earlier. Major steel-producing countries such as Germany, Italy and France all saw declines in output. North American steel production fell 5.5 per cent year on year; The United States produced 91 million tons of crude steel, down 6.8 percent from a year earlier. Unijunction steel production fell 8.1 per cent year on year. Among them, Russian steel production of 69 million tons, down 5.4 percent year on year; Ukraine, 37 million tons, down 13.1 percent year on year.


 China has been the world's largest producer of steel for 12 consecutive years and is far ahead of other countries. China's steel production is more than that of Japan, the US, Russia, India, South Korea, Germany and Ukraine combined, ranking 2-8. In 2007, China exported 54.88 million tonnes of net steel, equivalent to India's entire steel production.


In 2008, China's large and medium-sized iron and steel enterprises achieved product sales revenue of nearly TWO trillion yuan, an increase of nearly one third year on year. China's iron and steel industry is developing at the best level in history, and the production and operation efficiency of enterprises has improved. In 2008, China's crude steel production exceeded 500 million tons, an increase of 6.3% to 10.4%.


The rapid growth in such steel production has been driven both by the ore underpinning China's steel industry and by Chinese companies expanding production capacity. Also can see, with baosteel, anshan iron and steel company, wuhan iron and steel company, the company's production technology and production process changes, through the introduction of technology and the introduction of technology digestion, make the comprehensive energy consumption of per ton steel large iron and steel enterprises in China has basically close to the international advanced level, the international on each of the comprehensive energy consumption of per ton steel is 645 kilograms of standard coal, However, the comprehensive energy consumption of China's large and super large steel enterprises is 680 kilograms per ton of steel, close to the international advanced level. That is to say, China's steel industrial output has grown rapidly, energy consumption, steel structure has also changed.


Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, China's steel production has been accompanied by rapid economic growth. In 1980, China's crude steel production was only 37.12 million tons, one third of that of Japan and a little more than one third of that of the United States. Yet, 30 years later, China's steel industry is a world giant unsurpassed. In 2008, China's crude steel output will exceed 500 million tons. Meanwhile, crude steel production in Japan and the US will remain about 120m tonnes and 100m tonnes respectively, roughly the same as 30 years ago.

In this way, when the former world's largest steel industry is "horizontal" development, China's steel production in nearly 30 years soared 13 times! China now produces about five times as much steel as Japan and the United States, respectively. Even more spectacular: China's steel production is equivalent to the world's top ten countries combined steel production! If petroleum is the blood of industrialization, then, it can be said that steel is the backbone of industrialization! Most people recognize that China is now in the middle stage of industrialization, when to enter the "post-industrial era", will be the watershed of the development of China's steel industry!


In 2008 steel production in the world's top 18

Mainland China 50.91 million tons (4 times that of Japan, 5 times that of the United States, 11 times that of Germany)

Japan 11.874 million tons

The United States 91.49 million tons

Russia 68.51 million tons

India, 55.05 million tonnes

South Korea recorded 53.49 million tons

Germany 45.83 million tons

Ukraine 37.11 million tons

Brazil 33.71 million tons

Italy 30.48 million tons

Turkey 26.41 million tons

China's Taiwan 20.21 million tons

Spain 19.5 million tons

France 17.87 million tons

Mexico 17.62 million tons

Canada 15.13 million tons

UK 13.54 million tonnes

Belgium 10.86 million tons

World Steel Production ranking 2008 - China super Projects list - China super projects list

Where did 500 million tons of steel go


China's steel consumption growth is largely supported by domestic demand, particularly in construction. From the construction, machinery, automobile, shipbuilding, railway, petroleum, home appliances, containers and other eight steel industries, construction steel is the largest steel consumption industry, with a total construction scale of about 2 billion square meters per year, according to the average direct consumption of steel per square meter 50 kilograms, the annual demand for steel 100 million tons. It is machinery next, this eight industry uses steel consumption to account for national steel consumption basically more than 70%.

Eight industries, including construction, machinery, automobiles, shipbuilding, railways, petroleum, home appliances and containers, required 213 million tons of steel in 2005 and 261 million tons in 2010. Domestic cars almost all use domestic car steel plate; Domestic steel can meet the demand of railway steel; Domestic construction steel can be comparable to the world's advanced level.

Eastern China is the country's largest steel consumption area. The consumption of steel used in the construction industry in the eastern region is 20 percentage points more than that in the central and western regions combined, accounting for 61%-62% of the national steel consumption in the construction industry every year, 19%-20% in the central region and 18%-19% in the western region. It can be seen that the center of gravity of China's economic development in the past five years is mainly concentrated in the east.

In 2006, China used about 180 million tons of steel for construction (equivalent to the steel production of Japan and the United States combined).

In 2004, machinery industry use just reached 35 million tons

In 2007, the automobile industry used 12.55 million tons of steel

In 2008 container industry steel will reach 5.8 million tons

Steel used in shipbuilding industry reached 5.82 million tons in 2006

In 2005, the steel used in the home appliance industry reached 5.25 million tons

In 2004, the steel used for railway reached 3.6 million tons

In 2005, the petrochemical enterprises used 1.6 million tons of steel

Sichuan needs 37 million tons of steel and 370 million tons of cement for post-disaster reconstruction

About 500,000 tons of steel will be used for the Three Gorges Project

The Bird's Nest Stadium uses about 46,000 tons of steel

World Steel Production ranking 2008 - China super Projects list - China super projects list

At present, more than 10,000 buildings are under construction in Beijing

New York Times: China becomes world's largest construction site

Release time:Mon Jan 22
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